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Agricultural Foodstuff Production in India


Visualize the changes in production quantities of various agricultural products in India over time. This is a member of a two-part visualization. Here’s the second part, covering non-agricultural foodstuff production.

Interesting Insights

  1. India’s sugarcane production is off the charts, with nearly 300 kg being produced per capita. Compare that with the production of commodities like Rice and Wheat, and you gain a better understanding of the undernourishment problem in India.
  2. About 4% of farmed land in the state of Maharashtra is used in the cultivation of sugarcane, but it consumes 71% of irrigated water. Sugarcane is a valuable cash crop, so eradicating its excessive production has been nearly impossible. Read more on the sugarcane-water debate here and here.


Continuous Line Chart #1

  1. Shows the changes in production quantity of commodities over time.
  2. Click on items in the legend to toggle their visibility in the chart.


  1. Production per capita data available only for years in which a census survey of India was conducted, i.e. 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011.
  2. Population data gathered from the Censuses of India for aforementioned years. No interpolation techniques have been employed, unless specified by the counting agency.

What People Are Saying

India Data Insights compares the production of these essential crops to our progress in achieving “Zero Hunger” as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Shubhrajyoti Bhowmik shares his perspective on the situation highlighted through this visualization.

Data Source #1 | Data Source #2